It's fitting that as we prepare for the first Fantasy Football Scouting Notebook, that we call an audible on our last Pitching by the Numbers of the season.
This was going to be a viewer mail piece. But I've been answering questions on Twitter (@michaelsalfino) and will continue doing so. I want to drive home one more time that big breakthrough that I think we've had here this year, which is using isolated slugging allowed (slugging average minus batting average) as a projection tool.
I love the batting average on balls in play stats (BABIP). But I can't believe it took me this long to see how limited it was since it was based on the most overrated stat of all time – batting average. I think this cognitive dissonance was born out of how it dealt with pitching instead of hitting. So the fact that average was the predicate didn't seem so jarring – actually, not jarring at all. But for all its value, it misses on a lot of players. Every stat will, of course. But with BABIP we're sort of stuck with judging all hits as hits, period, because we're already subtracting homers (which are out of play).
We at least need to check BABIP against isolated slugging. My feeling now is that if a pitcher has a good ERA and a good BABIP allowed (which has been viewed as lucky by default) PLUS a good ISO allowed, then he's probably not lucky. At least, he's not nearly as lucky as we think. On the other hand, if a high ERA pitcher has a bad/high BABIP allowed but also a high ISO allowed (about .133 is the league average), then he's probably not unlucky – meaning we wouldn't expect the ERA to be significantly lower the next year.
Remember, ISO allowed seems to be pretty consistent year-to-year (of course, there are exceptions with every stat). It especially works for Johnny Cueto, who had a very good/low BABIP allowed in 2011 with a good ERA. But he's had a good ERA this year with a below average (i.e., high) BABIP allowed. The reason, I posit, is that his ISO allowed has been the best or near the best in the league both seasons.
Here are the guys with decent ERAs who had low BABIP allowed, with our verdict of whether this ERA is lucky or not (and to what degree) based strictly on ISO allowed. So we're saying that ISO trumps BABIP simply because the quality of the hit allowed trumps the quantity.
|Jason Vargas||3.90||.178||.253||Very lucky|
|Clayton Richard||3.72||.160||.261||Very lucky|
|Jeremy Hellickson||3.42||.168||.262||Very lucky|
|Madison Bumgarner||2.93||.141||.264||Little lucky|
|James McDonald||3.57||.144||.264||Little lucky|
|Matt Cain||2.82||.148||.264||Little lucky|
|Ryan Dempster||2.99||.146||.266||Little lucky|
|Edwin Jackson||3.72||.179||.270||Very lucky|
|Hiroki Kuroda||2.98||.144||.271||Little lucky|
|Paul Maholm||3.44||.155||.276||Very lucky|
|Wei-Yin Chen||3.78||.168||.276||Very lucky|
|Mat Latos||3.79||.172||.276||Very lucky|
|Jered Weaver||2.85||.115||.239||Not lucky|
|Clayton Kershaw||2.84||.117||.265||Not lucky|
|Ross Detwiler||3.32||.118||.270||Not lucky|
|Ryan Vogelsong||2.9||.119||.270||Not lucky|
|Tim Hudson||3.57||.105||.271||Not lucky|
|Justin Verlander||2.80||.113||.271||Not lucky|
The recommendation is to avoid the double lucky guys (low BABIP, high ISO) – Vargas, Richard, Hellickson, Jackson, Maholm, Chen and Latos.
Kuroda, McDonald, Cain and Dempster seem a little lucky with their ERAs. I'm inclined to give Cain a pass because he always overachieves based on peripherals. Cain, like Hellickson, is an extreme fly-ball pitcher. Perhaps that's the ISO exception. But remember that when these extreme fly ball guys have an off year, it's going to be really ugly. They have much lower floors.
Now let's look at the pitchers who have a high BABIP who some will reflexively say were unlucky and thus buys next year. But if they have high ISOs, their ERAs are not going to get much better even with a BABIP correction.
|Homer Bailey||4.24||.172||.316||Not unlucky|
|Ian Kennedy||4.44||.204||.317||Not unlucky|
|Ricky Nolasco||4.78||.147||.318||Not unlucky|
|Cliff Lee||3.67||.168||.318||Not unlucky|
|Jon Lester||4.98||.176||.318||Not unlucky|
|Bud Norris||5.01||.177||.321||Not unlucky|
|Dan Haren||4.82||.193||.321||Not unlucky|
|Anibal Sanchez||4.24||.151||.322||Not unlucky|
|Tommy Hanson||4.45||.174||.323||Not unlucky|
|Tim Lincecum||5.30||.167||.330||Not unlucky|
|Ivan Nova||4.92||.219||.333||Not unlucky|
|Max Scherzer||4.13||.172||.352||Not unlucky|
So in 2013, do not buy Bailey, Kennedy, Nolasco, Lee, Lester, Norris, Haren, Sanchez, Hanson, Lincecum, Nova and most especially Scherzer no matter how many times you read about their BABIP allowed. BABIP for them is mostly noise. Their real problem is giving up too many rockets.
But go ahead and get Masterson, Wainwright, Johnson, Greinke and even Porcello (if you can stand the poor strikeouts and only in deep or AL-only leagues). And, yeah, I'm saying Strasburg was unlucky this year even though his ERA was 3.05. If his BABIP goes to .290 or so with that above-average ISO allowed, project his ERA next year to sink to 2.75, tops. As a result, he's my No. 1 pitcher going into 2013.