This week in history: June 10 – June 16

By Claudine Zap

This was a week of monumental moments: President Regan called on Soviet leader Gorbachev to "tear down this wall." Iconic actor of the Western film genre John Wayne died, and the movie "E.T. the Extra Terrestrial" came to life. Plus, Coney Island opened the first roller coaster. And more.

This week in history: June 10–June 16

President Kennedy passes out pens, June 10, 1963, at the White House after signing a bill to provide equal pay for women. From left: Ethlyn Christensen of the YWCA; Rep. Leonor Sullivan, D-MO; Mrs. Joseph Willen of the National Council of Jewish Women; Rep. Edna Kelly, D-NY; Margaret Mealey, foreground, checkered dress, of the National Council of Catholic Women; Rep. Edith Green, D-OR; and Mrs. Carolyn Davis of the United Auto Workers. (AP Photo/Harvey Georges)

This week in history: June 10–June 16

Actor-director John Wayne is photographed in an unknown location in 1978. Wayne was born Marion Micheal Morrison in Winterset, Ia. in 1907. He made over 80 movies, mostly classics of the Western genre, and was nicknamed "the Duke." His last movie was "The Shootist" in 1976, about a legendary gunfighter dying of cancer. Wayne died of cancer in 1979. (AP Photo)

This week in history: June 10–June 16

Gov. George Wallace blocks the entrance to the University of Alabama as he turned back a federal officer attempting to enroll two black students at the university campus in Tuscaloosa, Ala., June 11, 1963. The 43-year-old governor stands with highway patrolmen who are on duty to prevent violence. (AP Photo)

This week in history: June 10–June 16

ET, 1982, 1980s, USAaliens. FOR EDITORIAL USE ONLY/NO MERCHANDISING/NO ALTERATION. Credit to: Advertising Archive/Courtesy Everett Collection

This week in history: June 10–June 16

The flaming body of a Buddhist monk, the Rev. Thich Quang Duc, is shown as it fell over on the pavement of a main intersection in Saigon, Vietnam, June 11, 1963. The elderly monk set fire to his clothing and burned himself to death in protest of alleged government persecution of Buddhists. Other monks kneel with hands clasped in prayer. (AP Photo/Malcolm Browne)

This week in history: June 10–June 16

The old Phoenix Police Dept. jail, which is now the Phoenix Police Museum, is shown, Wednesday, March 13, 2013 in Phoenix. The jail is where Ernesto Miranda was booked 50 years ago today. The arrest of Miranda led to the landmark self-incrimination case that reached the Supreme Court and resulted in Miranda Rights that law enforcement uses when arresting a suspect. (AP Photo/Matt York)

This week in history: June 10–June 16

In this photo made on Wednesday, Feb. 1, 2012 an American flag flies over Point State Park in Pittsburgh. (AP Photo/Keith Srakocic)

This week in history: June 10–June 16

In this June 12, 1987 file picture, U.S. President Ronald Reagan acknowledges the applause after speaking to an audience in front of the Brandenburg Gate in Berlin. Beside Reagan are the President of the German Parliament Philipp Jenninger, left, and Germany's Chancellor Helmut Kohl, right. Barack Obama's office says Sunday, July 20, 2008, he will give a speech on the U.S. partnership with Germany and trans-Atlantic relations in front of the gold-topped Victory Column, or Siegessaeule, in the heart of downtown Berlin on Thursday June 24. (AP-PHOTO/pe/Stf/Ira Schwartz)

This week in history: June 10–June 16

People watch riders on the Loop the Loop roller coaster at New York's Coney Island amusement park in 1903. (AP Photo/Library of Congress)

This week in history: June 10–June 16

In this file photo of June 14, 2007, riders on the Cyclone roller coaster enjoy a steep drop at Coney Island in the Brooklyn borough of New York. The wooden roller coaster, built more than 80 years ago, will roar back to life this weekend for one more summer before the amusement area by the fabled Brooklyn boardwalk is overhauled. (AP Photo/Seth Wenig, file)

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