A new life for baby Roona

Doctors conducted what could be the final round of surgery on  two-year-old Roona Begum to correct a rare disorder that caused her head to balloon to twice its normal size.

Roona, whose plight attracted international sympathy, underwent several rounds of surgery in May and June when doctors drained excess fluid from her head and dramatically reduced the size of her skull.

But she returned to the same hospital near New Delhi earlier last month for what doctors hope will be the final surgery which will see some of the bone removed from her skull which will then be rebuilt.

Roona, who lives with her impoverished parents in a village in India's remote northeast, was born with hydrocephalus, a potentially fatal condition that causes cerebrospinal fluid to build up on the brain.

Her condition caused her head to swell to a circumference of 94 centimetres (37 inches), putting pressure on her brain and making it impossible for her to sit upright.

Publication of pictures taken by an AFP photographer prompted the hospital to treat Roona for free, and the surgeries which followed saw her head circumference shrink to 58 centimetres.

She was first admitted to the hospital in April where she spent 105 days before being discharged in August.

She will undergo another procedure in December to compress her head further.

Although Roona's skull is likely to remain large, she has a good chance of developing normally, provided her neck muscles can grow strong enough to support her head, doctors have said.















GURGAON, INDIA - AUGUST 1: Dr Sandeep Vaishya Director of Neurosurgery at Fortis Memorial Research Institute who operated her showing the Baby Roona Begums head after successful surgery as she rest in her mother Fatima Rahmans arm on on August 1, 2013 in Gurgaon, India. 20 month old Roona was born in poverty-stricken family from village of Agartala and is is suffering from a severe case of Hydrocephalus. She was operated free of charge by the Fortis Foundation in May this year. (Photo by Parveen Kumar/Hindustan Times via Getty Images)
Baby Roona goes home
GURGAON, INDIA - AUGUST 1: Dr Sandeep Vaishya Director of Neurosurgery at Fortis Memorial Research Institute who operated her showing the Baby Roona Begums head after successful surgery as she rest in her mother Fatima Rahmans arm on on August 1, 2013 in Gurgaon, India. 20 month old Roona was born in poverty-stricken family from village of Agartala and is is suffering from a severe case of Hydrocephalus. She was operated free of charge by the Fortis Foundation in May this year. (Photo by Parveen Kumar/Hindustan Times via Getty Images)
òGURGAON, INDIA - AUGUST 1: Baby Roona Begum an Indian baby who is suffering from a severe case of Hydrocephalus with her mother Fatima Rahman during press conference at Fortis Hospital on August 1, 2013 in Gurgaon, India. 20 month old Roona born in poverty-stricken family from village of Agartala was operated free of charge by the Fortis Foundation. After her successful operation in May she is now returning back to her home in Tripura.
Baby Roona goes home
òGURGAON, INDIA - AUGUST 1: Baby Roona Begum an Indian baby who is suffering from a severe case of Hydrocephalus with her mother Fatima Rahman during press conference at Fortis Hospital on August 1, 2013 in Gurgaon, India. 20 month old Roona born in poverty-stricken family from village of Agartala was operated free of charge by the Fortis Foundation. After her successful operation in May she is now returning back to her home in Tripura.
òGURGAON, INDIA - AUGUST 1: Baby Roona Begum an Indian baby who is suffering from a severe case of Hydrocephalus with her mother Fatima Rahman during press conference at Fortis Hospital on August 1, 2013 in Gurgaon, India. 20 month old Roona born in poverty-stricken family from village of Agartala was operated free of charge by the Fortis Foundation. After her successful operation in May she is now returning back to her home in Tripura. (Photo by Parveen Kumar/Hindustan Times via Getty Images)
Baby Roona goes home
òGURGAON, INDIA - AUGUST 1: Baby Roona Begum an Indian baby who is suffering from a severe case of Hydrocephalus with her mother Fatima Rahman during press conference at Fortis Hospital on August 1, 2013 in Gurgaon, India. 20 month old Roona born in poverty-stricken family from village of Agartala was operated free of charge by the Fortis Foundation. After her successful operation in May she is now returning back to her home in Tripura. (Photo by Parveen Kumar/Hindustan Times via Getty Images)
Indian doctors prepare 1-year old girl Roona Begum, suffering from hydrocephalus, a buildup of fluid inside the skull that leads to swelling, for surgery at a hospital in Gurgaon on the outskirts of New Delhi on June 27, 2013. Indian doctors said June 27 they successfully carried out comprehensive reconstructive surgery on the skull of a baby suffering from a rare disorder that caused her head to nearly double in size. The four-hour-long surgery on the skull of one-year-old Roona Begum was carried out at a hospital near New Delhi where last month surgeons also drained fluid from the youngster's head in a life-saving operation.
Baby Roona goes home
Indian doctors prepare 1-year old girl Roona Begum, suffering from hydrocephalus, a buildup of fluid inside the skull that leads to swelling, for surgery at a hospital in Gurgaon on the outskirts of New Delhi on June 27, 2013. Indian doctors said June 27 they successfully carried out comprehensive reconstructive surgery on the skull of a baby suffering from a rare disorder that caused her head to nearly double in size. The four-hour-long surgery on the skull of one-year-old Roona Begum was carried out at a hospital near New Delhi where last month surgeons also drained fluid from the youngster's head in a life-saving operation.
In this photograph taken on April 17, 2013, Indian neurosurgeon Sandeep Vaishya (2L) is surrounded by other specialists as they do an initial assessment of the condition of fifteen month old patient Roona Begum head at a hospital in Gurgaon on the outskirts of New Delhi. Doctors have successfully carried out life-saving surgery on an Indian baby suffering from a rare disorder that caused her head to swell to nearly double its size, a neurosurgeon told AFP on May 15, 2013. "The surgery went perfectly, much better than expected," Sandeep Vaishya said after the procedure on 15-month-old Roona Begum, speaking exclusively to an AFP reporter inside the operating theatre at a hospital in New Delhi.
Baby Roona goes home
In this photograph taken on April 17, 2013, Indian neurosurgeon Sandeep Vaishya (2L) is surrounded by other specialists as they do an initial assessment of the condition of fifteen month old patient Roona Begum head at a hospital in Gurgaon on the outskirts of New Delhi. Doctors have successfully carried out life-saving surgery on an Indian baby suffering from a rare disorder that caused her head to swell to nearly double its size, a neurosurgeon told AFP on May 15, 2013. "The surgery went perfectly, much better than expected," Sandeep Vaishya said after the procedure on 15-month-old Roona Begum, speaking exclusively to an AFP reporter inside the operating theatre at a hospital in New Delhi.
Indian doctors perform surgery on 1-year old girl Roona Begum, suffering from hydrocephalus, a buildup of fluid inside the skull that leads to swelling, at a hospital in Gurgaon on the outskirts of New Delhi on June 27, 2013. Indian doctors said June 27 they successfully carried out comprehensive reconstructive surgery on the skull of a baby suffering from a rare disorder that caused her head to nearly double in size. The four-hour-long surgery on the skull of one-year-old Roona Begum was carried out at a hospital near New Delhi where last month surgeons also drained fluid from the youngster's head in a life-saving operation.
Baby Roona goes home
Indian doctors perform surgery on 1-year old girl Roona Begum, suffering from hydrocephalus, a buildup of fluid inside the skull that leads to swelling, at a hospital in Gurgaon on the outskirts of New Delhi on June 27, 2013. Indian doctors said June 27 they successfully carried out comprehensive reconstructive surgery on the skull of a baby suffering from a rare disorder that caused her head to nearly double in size. The four-hour-long surgery on the skull of one-year-old Roona Begum was carried out at a hospital near New Delhi where last month surgeons also drained fluid from the youngster's head in a life-saving operation.
Roona Begum is being evaluated by a team of multi-disciplinary super specialists comprising Paediatric Neurologists, Psychologists, Cardiologists, Ophthalmologist at the Fortis Memorial Research Institute in Gurgaon.
Heartbreaking story of Roona Begum
Roona Begum is being evaluated by a team of multi-disciplinary super specialists comprising Paediatric Neurologists, Psychologists, Cardiologists, Ophthalmologist at the Fortis Memorial Research Institute in Gurgaon.
She is under constant observation and is stable. Doctors said they need to wait a few more weeks before they start any kind of serious intervention, they have started draining fluid from her head.
Heartbreaking story of Roona Begum
She is under constant observation and is stable. Doctors said they need to wait a few more weeks before they start any kind of serious intervention, they have started draining fluid from her head.
Fortis Foundation has decided to take up another case of a year old Sajal Sarkar from Taltala village in Tripura.
Heartbreaking story of Roona Begum
Fortis Foundation has decided to take up another case of a year old Sajal Sarkar from Taltala village in Tripura.
Roona Begum
Roona Begum
Roona Begum
Roona Begum
Roona Begum
GURGAON, INDIA - AUGUST 1: Dr Sandeep Vaishya Director of Neurosurgery at Fortis Memorial Research Institute who operated her showing the Baby Roona Begums head after successful surgery as she rest in her mother Fatima Rahmans arm on on August 1, 2013 in Gurgaon, India. 20 month old Roona was born in poverty-stricken family from village of Agartala and is is suffering from a severe case of Hydrocephalus. She was operated free of charge by the Fortis Foundation in May this year. (Photo by Parveen Kumar/Hindustan Times via Getty Images)
Baby Roona goes home
GURGAON, INDIA - AUGUST 1: Dr Sandeep Vaishya Director of Neurosurgery at Fortis Memorial Research Institute who operated her showing the Baby Roona Begums head after successful surgery as she rest in her mother Fatima Rahmans arm on on August 1, 2013 in Gurgaon, India. 20 month old Roona was born in poverty-stricken family from village of Agartala and is is suffering from a severe case of Hydrocephalus. She was operated free of charge by the Fortis Foundation in May this year. (Photo by Parveen Kumar/Hindustan Times via Getty Images)
òGURGAON, INDIA - AUGUST 1: Baby Roona Begum an Indian baby who is suffering from a severe case of Hydrocephalus with her mother Fatima Rahman during press conference at Fortis Hospital on August 1, 2013 in Gurgaon, India. 20 month old Roona born in poverty-stricken family from village of Agartala was operated free of charge by the Fortis Foundation. After her successful operation in May she is now returning back to her home in Tripura.
Baby Roona goes home
òGURGAON, INDIA - AUGUST 1: Baby Roona Begum an Indian baby who is suffering from a severe case of Hydrocephalus with her mother Fatima Rahman during press conference at Fortis Hospital on August 1, 2013 in Gurgaon, India. 20 month old Roona born in poverty-stricken family from village of Agartala was operated free of charge by the Fortis Foundation. After her successful operation in May she is now returning back to her home in Tripura.
òGURGAON, INDIA - AUGUST 1: Baby Roona Begum an Indian baby who is suffering from a severe case of Hydrocephalus with her mother Fatima Rahman during press conference at Fortis Hospital on August 1, 2013 in Gurgaon, India. 20 month old Roona born in poverty-stricken family from village of Agartala was operated free of charge by the Fortis Foundation. After her successful operation in May she is now returning back to her home in Tripura. (Photo by Parveen Kumar/Hindustan Times via Getty Images)
Baby Roona goes home
òGURGAON, INDIA - AUGUST 1: Baby Roona Begum an Indian baby who is suffering from a severe case of Hydrocephalus with her mother Fatima Rahman during press conference at Fortis Hospital on August 1, 2013 in Gurgaon, India. 20 month old Roona born in poverty-stricken family from village of Agartala was operated free of charge by the Fortis Foundation. After her successful operation in May she is now returning back to her home in Tripura. (Photo by Parveen Kumar/Hindustan Times via Getty Images)
Indian doctors prepare 1-year old girl Roona Begum, suffering from hydrocephalus, a buildup of fluid inside the skull that leads to swelling, for surgery at a hospital in Gurgaon on the outskirts of New Delhi on June 27, 2013. Indian doctors said June 27 they successfully carried out comprehensive reconstructive surgery on the skull of a baby suffering from a rare disorder that caused her head to nearly double in size. The four-hour-long surgery on the skull of one-year-old Roona Begum was carried out at a hospital near New Delhi where last month surgeons also drained fluid from the youngster's head in a life-saving operation.
Baby Roona goes home
Indian doctors prepare 1-year old girl Roona Begum, suffering from hydrocephalus, a buildup of fluid inside the skull that leads to swelling, for surgery at a hospital in Gurgaon on the outskirts of New Delhi on June 27, 2013. Indian doctors said June 27 they successfully carried out comprehensive reconstructive surgery on the skull of a baby suffering from a rare disorder that caused her head to nearly double in size. The four-hour-long surgery on the skull of one-year-old Roona Begum was carried out at a hospital near New Delhi where last month surgeons also drained fluid from the youngster's head in a life-saving operation.
In this photograph taken on April 17, 2013, Indian neurosurgeon Sandeep Vaishya (2L) is surrounded by other specialists as they do an initial assessment of the condition of fifteen month old patient Roona Begum head at a hospital in Gurgaon on the outskirts of New Delhi. Doctors have successfully carried out life-saving surgery on an Indian baby suffering from a rare disorder that caused her head to swell to nearly double its size, a neurosurgeon told AFP on May 15, 2013. "The surgery went perfectly, much better than expected," Sandeep Vaishya said after the procedure on 15-month-old Roona Begum, speaking exclusively to an AFP reporter inside the operating theatre at a hospital in New Delhi.
Baby Roona goes home
In this photograph taken on April 17, 2013, Indian neurosurgeon Sandeep Vaishya (2L) is surrounded by other specialists as they do an initial assessment of the condition of fifteen month old patient Roona Begum head at a hospital in Gurgaon on the outskirts of New Delhi. Doctors have successfully carried out life-saving surgery on an Indian baby suffering from a rare disorder that caused her head to swell to nearly double its size, a neurosurgeon told AFP on May 15, 2013. "The surgery went perfectly, much better than expected," Sandeep Vaishya said after the procedure on 15-month-old Roona Begum, speaking exclusively to an AFP reporter inside the operating theatre at a hospital in New Delhi.
Indian doctors perform surgery on 1-year old girl Roona Begum, suffering from hydrocephalus, a buildup of fluid inside the skull that leads to swelling, at a hospital in Gurgaon on the outskirts of New Delhi on June 27, 2013. Indian doctors said June 27 they successfully carried out comprehensive reconstructive surgery on the skull of a baby suffering from a rare disorder that caused her head to nearly double in size. The four-hour-long surgery on the skull of one-year-old Roona Begum was carried out at a hospital near New Delhi where last month surgeons also drained fluid from the youngster's head in a life-saving operation.
Baby Roona goes home
Indian doctors perform surgery on 1-year old girl Roona Begum, suffering from hydrocephalus, a buildup of fluid inside the skull that leads to swelling, at a hospital in Gurgaon on the outskirts of New Delhi on June 27, 2013. Indian doctors said June 27 they successfully carried out comprehensive reconstructive surgery on the skull of a baby suffering from a rare disorder that caused her head to nearly double in size. The four-hour-long surgery on the skull of one-year-old Roona Begum was carried out at a hospital near New Delhi where last month surgeons also drained fluid from the youngster's head in a life-saving operation.
Roona Begum is being evaluated by a team of multi-disciplinary super specialists comprising Paediatric Neurologists, Psychologists, Cardiologists, Ophthalmologist at the Fortis Memorial Research Institute in Gurgaon.
Heartbreaking story of Roona Begum
Roona Begum is being evaluated by a team of multi-disciplinary super specialists comprising Paediatric Neurologists, Psychologists, Cardiologists, Ophthalmologist at the Fortis Memorial Research Institute in Gurgaon.
She is under constant observation and is stable. Doctors said they need to wait a few more weeks before they start any kind of serious intervention, they have started draining fluid from her head.
Heartbreaking story of Roona Begum
She is under constant observation and is stable. Doctors said they need to wait a few more weeks before they start any kind of serious intervention, they have started draining fluid from her head.
Fortis Foundation has decided to take up another case of a year old Sajal Sarkar from Taltala village in Tripura.
Heartbreaking story of Roona Begum
Fortis Foundation has decided to take up another case of a year old Sajal Sarkar from Taltala village in Tripura.
Roona Begum
Roona Begum
Roona Begum
Roona Begum
Roona Begum

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