Ed Koch, former NYC mayor

Ed Koch, the brash, colorful and often confrontational mayor who helped

to lead New York City out of its brush with bankruptcy in the 1970s,

launching an astonishing municipal turnaround that continues to this

day, died on Feb. 1 at the age of 88. Funeral services were held Feb. 4.

FILE - In this Jan. 30, 1975, file photo, Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis, center left, and Bess Myerson, center right, walk with architect Philip Johnson, left, and Rep. Ed Koch, right, as they leave New York's Grand Central after holding a news conference for the "Committee to Save Grand Central Station." Koch, the combative politician who rescued the city from near-financial ruin during three City Hall terms, has died at age 88. Spokesman George Arzt says Koch died Friday morning Feb. 1, 2013 of congestive heart failure. (AP Photo/Harry Harris, File)

FILE - This 1944 file photo shows Ed Koch during his service in the U.S. Army in France. Koch, the combative politician who rescued the city from near-financial ruin during three City Hall terms, has died at age 88. Spokesman George Arzt says Koch died Friday morning Feb. 1, 2013 of congestive heart failure. (AP Photo/File)

Ed Koch

Ed Koch, district leader in New York's Greenwich Village, pictured at his headquarters on June 3, 1964. (AP Photo)

Ed Koch

Bess Myerson at his side. Ed Koch makes victory statement. At extreme right is Herman Badillo, Sept. 20, 1977. (Photo by Charles Ruppmann/NY Daily News Archive via Getty Images)

FILE - In this Nov. 8, 1977, file photo, Rep. Ed Koch, second from left, celebrates in New York with Bess Myerson, left, Carol Bellamy, center Diana Goldin, second from right, and her husband Harrison Goldin after being elected as New York's mayor. Ed Koch, right, as they leave New York's Grand Central after holding a news conference for the "Committee to Save Grand Central Station." Koch, the combative politician who rescued the city from near-financial ruin during three City Hall terms, has died at age 88. Spokesman George Arzt says Koch died Friday morning Feb. 1, 2013 of congestive heart failure. (AP Photo/Ray Stubblebine, File)

FILE - In this Feb. 2, 1978, file photo, New York Mayor Ed Koch, left, and former Rep. Bella Abzug, D-N.Y., center, chat with President Jimmy Carter during a meeting in the Oval Office in Washington. Koch, the combative politician who rescued the city from near-financial ruin during three City Hall terms, has died at age 88. Spokesman George Arzt says Koch died Friday morning Feb. 1, 2013 of congestive heart failure. (AP Photo/John Duricka, File)

FILE - In this Oct. 17, 1980, file photo, New York Mayor Ed Koch gestures as he escorts Republican presidential nominee Ronald Reagan into Gracie Mansion in New York. Koch, the combative politician who rescued the city from near-financial ruin during three City Hall terms, has died at age 88. Spokesman George Arzt says Koch died Friday morning Feb. 1, 2013 of congestive heart failure. (AP Photo/Dave Pickoff, File)

FILE - In this Dec. 14, 1980, file photo, New York Mayor Ed Koch stands among Beatles' fans paying tribute to the late John Lennon during a silent vigil that was called by Mayor Koch in New York's Central Park. Koch, the combative politician who rescued the city from near-financial ruin during three City Hall terms, has died at age 88. Spokesman George Arzt says Koch died Friday morning Feb. 1, 2013 of congestive heart failure.(AP Photo/Rene Perez, File)

FILE - In this July 6, 1983, file photo, New York Mayor Ed Koch kisses singer-actress Diana Ross at the steps of City Hall in New York. Koch, the combative politician who rescued the city from near-financial ruin during three City Hall terms, has died at age 88. Spokesman George Arzt says Koch died Friday morning Feb. 1, 2013 of congestive heart failure. (AP Photo/Marty Lederhandler, File)

FILE - In this July 16, 1984, file photo, New York Mayor Ed Koch raises his hands with two thumbs up while addressing the opening session of the Democratic National Convention in San Francisco. Ed Koch, right, as they leave New York's Grand Central after holding a news conference for the "Committee to Save Grand Central Station." Koch, the combative politician who rescued the city from near-financial ruin during three City Hall terms, has died at age 88. Spokesman George Arzt says Koch died Friday morning Feb. 1, 2013 of congestive heart failure. (AP Photo/Ira Schwarz, File)

FILE - In this March 15, 1987 file photo, New York Mayor Ed Koch gets his head powered by a make-up artist before the start of his new television call-in program, "Koch on Call" at New York's Channel 5. Koch, the combative politician who rescued the city from near-financial ruin during three City Hall terms, has died at age 88. Spokesman George Arzt says Koch died Friday morning Feb. 1, 2013 of congestive heart failure. (AP Photo/David Bookstaver, File)

FILE - In this Aug. 30, 2004, file photo, former New York Mayor Ed Koch speaks at the first day of the Republican National Convention in New York. Koch, the combative politician who rescued the city from near-financial ruin during three City Hall terms, has died at age 88. Spokesman George Arzt says Koch died Friday morning Feb. 1, 2013 of congestive heart failure. (AP Photo/Joe Cavaretta, File)

FILE - In this April 18, 2007, file photo, former New York Mayor Ed Koch listens during the 9th annual National Action Network convention in New York. Koch, the combative politician who rescued the city from near-financial ruin during three City Hall terms, has died at age 88. Spokesman George Arzt says Koch died Friday morning Feb. 1, 2013 of congestive heart failure. (AP Photo/Frank Franklin II, File)

FILE - In this May 16, 2012, file photo, former New York Mayor Ed Koch, right, talks to reporters as Assemblyman Rory Lancman watches in New York. Koch, the combative politician who rescued the city from near-financial ruin during three City Hall terms, has died at age 88. Spokesman George Arzt says Koch died Friday morning Feb. 1, 2013 of congestive heart failure. (AP Photo/Frank Franklin II, File) (AP Photo/Seth Wenig, File)

FILE - In this May 16, 2012, file photo, former New York Mayor Ed Koch, right, talks to reporters as Assemblyman Rory Lancman watches in New York. Koch, the combative politician who rescued the city from near-financial ruin during three City Hall terms, has died at age 88. Spokesman George Arzt says Koch died Friday morning Feb. 1, 2013 of congestive heart failure. (AP Photo/Frank Franklin II, File) (AP Photo/Seth Wenig, File)

Workers at the Trinity Church Cemetery prepare former New York City Mayor Ed Koch's gravesite, Friday, Feb. 1, 2013, in the Washington Heights neighborhood of New York. Koch, who was New York's mayor for three terms from 1978 to 1989, died early Friday morning from congestive heart failure. He was 88 years old. (AP Photo/John Minchillo)

Workers at the Trinity Church Cemetery prepare former New York City Mayor Ed Koch's gravesite, Friday, Feb. 1, 2013, in the Washington Heights neighborhood of New York. Koch, who was New York's mayor for three terms from 1978 to 1989, died early Friday morning from congestive heart failure. He was 88 years old. (AP Photo/John Minchillo)

A casket containing the remains of former New York City Mayor Ed Koch is brought into Temple Emanu-El, at for his funeral in New York, Monday, Feb. 4, 2013. The crowd braved temperatures in the low 20s and a fierce wind while waiting in two lines outside the temple. Koch died Friday, Feb. 1, 2013. (AP Photo/Seth Wenig)

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