A gallery of controversial public art

By Claudine Zap

When art moves outdoors, it becomes open to public scrutiny and debate. Many new works, such as public memorial designs or artworks placed or proposed in a community, have caused controversies. Sometimes, the outrage fades with time. Here, some of the most well known controversies to swirl around public artwork.

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TILTED ARC

** FILE ** "Tilted Arc," a 12-foot-high, curving, inclined wall of rusting steel by sculptor Richard Serra, awaits removal March 11, 1989, at Federal Plaza in lower Manhattan, New York. Controversy over the sculpture evoked warnings of censorship and art destruction from New York's art community while removal drew applause from many who considered the wall an eyesore. Serra is planning an almost similar scuplture at the California Institute of Technology campus in Pasadena, Calif. (AP Photo/Mario Cabrera)

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People look at "Iroquois," a 40-foot sculpture by Mark di Suvero, before ceremonies as the Fairmount Park Art Association dedicated it on Wednesday, June 27, 2007, in Philadelphia. (AP Photo/George Widman)

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FILE - This artist's drawing provided by Christo shows an image of a proposed art project by artists Christo and Jeanne-Claude that would suspend 5.9 miles of silvery, translucent fabric above parts of the Arkansas River in southern Colorado. Christo's plan to suspend huge fabric panels over parts of the heavily rafted Arkansas River in Colorado is largely intact under a version federal land managers identified Thursday, July 28, 2011, as the preferred alternative for the project. If the Bureau of Land Management issues a permit for Christo's "Over the River," it could happen in August 2014. A final decision is expected this fall. (AP Photo/Christo) NO SALES

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Crowds gather around the new Vietnam Veterans Memorial during the dedication on the National Mall in Washington, D.C. on Saturday, Nov. 15, 1982. The monument is designed by architect Maya Ying Lin. The ceremonies ended on Sunday with a Eucharist service at the National Cathedral. (AP Photo/Charles Pereira)

Nat'l Park Service Holds Wreath Laying Ceremony At Martin Luther King Jr. Memorial

WASHINGTON, DC - JANUARY 15: Marin Luther King III speaks at the base of a statue to his father after a wreath laying ceremony at the Martin Luther King Jr. memorial on the National Mall January 15, 2012 in Washington, DC. Martin Luther King III and others joined to lay a wreath at the memorial to Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. to honor the 83rd birthday of the American Civil Rights leader who was assassinated in 1968. (Photo by Brendan Smialowski/Getty Images)