NBA China Woes Threaten Billions of Dollars, Decades’ Work

Eben Novy-Williams
NBA China Woes Threaten Billions of Dollars, Decades’ Work
NBA China Woes Threaten Billions of Dollars, Decades’ Work

(Bloomberg) -- Through decades of painstaking deal-making, the NBA created a multibillion-dollar opportunity in China, the world’s second-largest economy. Now a single swiftly deleted tweet has put all that time and money in jeopardy.

Daryl Morey, general manager of the Houston Rockets, tweeted an image of a slogan supporting Hong Kong’s pro-democracy protesters on Friday. That brought a backlash from supporters of the communist government, casting a shadow on what has been one of China’s most popular NBA teams.

Chinese sportswear maker Li Ning Co. and Shanghai Pudong Development Bank Credit Card Center suspended cooperation with the Rockets, while national broadcaster CCTV and Tencent Holdings Ltd. said they will halt broadcasting the team’s games. Searches for Rockets gear on Chinese e-commerce sites operated by Inc. and Alibaba Group Holding Ltd. didn’t return any results on Monday.

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Quick apologies to China and its loyalists from Morey, the Rockets’ ownership and the NBA brought outrage of their own. Texas politicians Julian Castro, Ted Cruz and Beto O’Rourke were among those who tweeted their displeasure with the statements, which included the NBA calling the effect of Morey’s original tweet “regrettable.”

The NBA is just the latest international business feeling the heat from the standoff between pro-democracy demonstrators and Hong Kong’s Beijing-backed authorities that has escalated since June. From Starbucks Corp. to Cathay Pacific Airways Ltd., brands and companies have been targeted if they’re seen to be supporting either side in the dispute. But the reaction to the NBA has been more intense as the world of sports gets dragged into the controversy.

Read more on Hong Kong protests:

Although the NBA said it was “deeply disappointed” with Morey’s “inappropriate” comment in a Chinese version of its statement, Commissioner Adam Silver defended the Rockets official’s right to freedom of expression.

Acknowledging the economic impact from the tweet, he told Kyodo News in Japan that as a “values-based organization, I want to make it clear that Daryl Morey is supported in terms of his ability to exercise his freedom of expression.” Those comments sparked further criticism on Chinese social media.

The league says 800 million people in China watched NBA programming on TV, digital media or smartphones last year, which is nearly 2.5 times the entire population of the U.S. That huge viewership brings with it extensive sales of sponsorships and branded merchandise, the fate of which is in the balance amid the current contretemps.

“They could lose their business in China,” said Marc Ganis, a sports consultant. “I don’t expect that to happen because the NBA has built up a tremendous amount of goodwill, but they’re going to have to call on those reserves.”

Late 1980s

The NBA has been making deals in China since the late 1980s, when it agreed to share a portion of advertising revenue in return for games being shown on CCTV. Expansion within the country became a major focus of then-commissioner David Stern, who declined to comment for this article.

The NBA was the first U.S. sports league to establish a footprint in China, opening a Hong Kong office in 1992, and launched NBA China in 2008. The league now has offices in a handful of Chinese cities, including Beijing and Shanghai.

The NBA was also the first U.S. league to host games in China -- a pair of 2004 preseason match-ups between the Rockets and the Sacramento Kings. The league has staged more than 20 games in China, with two more scheduled for later this week.

The NBA has also embraced investment from Chinese businessmen. In 2016, investor Lizhang Jiang became the league’s first Chinese minority owner, buying a small piece of the Minnesota Timberwolves. Joe Tsai, co-founder of Chinese e-commerce giant Alibaba, last month became the league’s first Chinese majority owner when he took over the Brooklyn Nets.

Earlier this year, the league extended its partnership with internet giant Tencent, a five-year deal worth a reported $1.5 billion, a threefold increase over the previous deal. Tencent is the league’s largest partner outside the U.S.

There are also a number of other leaguewide deals, and team-specific deals. Earlier this year, an NBA representative told Bloomberg that the NBA’s business in China has grown at double-digit percentages every year since 2008.

Trade Tensions

When trade tensions heated up between China and the U.S., the NBA sought its first head of government and public affairs in China to help shape its “public narrative” within the country.

The Rockets have been among the most popular teams in Asia dating back to the playing career of Yao Ming, a 7-foot-6-inch all-star center who spent his entire eight-year career in Houston. Another former Rockets star, Tracy McGrady, had a successful career in China after leaving the NBA. There’s also a large Chinese-American community in Houston. When the Rockets sold to Tilman Fertitta for a league-record $2.2 billion, a part of that valuation included the team’s popularity in Asia.

Yao now runs the Chinese Basketball Association, which said it opposed Morey’s comments and would stop working with the Rockets. In a June interview with Sports Illustrated about Yao’s role with the Chinese basketball league, NBA Commissioner Silver addressed the differences between the U.S. and China.

“He has obstacles that I don’t,” he said. “As the Chinese economy has experienced dramatic growth, it’s not a free-enterprise system; the government hand is very strong on all businesses, including sports. He does not have the same economic liberties that a business in the U.S. has.”

(Updates with NBA commissioner’s comments in seventh paragraph)

--With assistance from Scott Soshnick and Jinshan Hong.

To contact the reporter on this story: Eben Novy-Williams in New York at

To contact the editors responsible for this story: Nick Turner at, John J. Edwards III

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