Mugabe resigns after military seizes power in Zimbabwe

Yahoo News Photo Staff

Zimbabwe’s President Robert Mugabe, who once vowed to rule for life, resigned on Tuesday, succumbing to a week of overwhelming pressure from the military that put him under house arrest, lawmakers from the ruling party and opposition who started impeachment proceedings and a population that surged into the streets to say 37 years in power was enough.

The capital, Harare, erupted in jubilation after news spread that the 93-year-old leader’s resignation letter had been read out by the speaker of parliament, whose members had gathered to impeach Mugabe after he ignored escalating calls to quit since a military takeover. Well into the night, cars honked and people danced and sang in a spectacle of free expression that would have been impossible during his years in power, whose early promise after the end of white minority rule in 1980 was overtaken by economic collapse, government dysfunction and human rights violations. (AP)

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<p>Zimbabweans celebrate outside the parliament building immediately after hearing the news that President Robert Mugabe had resigned, in downtown Harare, Zimbabwe Tuesday, Nov. 21, 2017. (Photo: Ben Curtis/AP) </p>
Robert Mugabe resigns

Zimbabweans celebrate outside the parliament building immediately after hearing the news that President Robert Mugabe had resigned, in downtown Harare, Zimbabwe Tuesday, Nov. 21, 2017. (Photo: Ben Curtis/AP)

<p>People remove, from the wall at the International Conference centre, where parliament had their sitting, the portrait of former Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe after his resignation on Nov. 21, 2017 in Harare. (Photo: Jekesai Njikizana/AFP/Getty Images) </p>
Robert Mugabe resigns

People remove, from the wall at the International Conference centre, where parliament had their sitting, the portrait of former Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe after his resignation on Nov. 21, 2017 in Harare. (Photo: Jekesai Njikizana/AFP/Getty Images)

<p>Zimbabweans reach out to touch and thank army soldiers, as they celebrate outside the parliament building immediately after hearing the news that President Robert Mugabe had resigned, in downtown Harare, Zimbabwe Tuesday, Nov. 21, 2017. (Photo: Ben Curtis/AP) </p>
Robert Mugabe resigns

Zimbabweans reach out to touch and thank army soldiers, as they celebrate outside the parliament building immediately after hearing the news that President Robert Mugabe had resigned, in downtown Harare, Zimbabwe Tuesday, Nov. 21, 2017. (Photo: Ben Curtis/AP)

<p>Zimbabweans celebrate after President Robert Mugabe resigns in Harare, Zimbabwe, Nov. 21, 2017. (Photo: Mike Hutchings/Reuters) </p>
Robert Mugabe resigns

Zimbabweans celebrate after President Robert Mugabe resigns in Harare, Zimbabwe, Nov. 21, 2017. (Photo: Mike Hutchings/Reuters)

<p>Zimbabwe’s members of parliament celebrate after Mugabe’s resignation on Nov. 21, 2017 in Harare.<br> (Photo: Jekesai Njikizana/AFP/Getty Images) </p>
Robert Mugabe resigns

Zimbabwe’s members of parliament celebrate after Mugabe’s resignation on Nov. 21, 2017 in Harare.
(Photo: Jekesai Njikizana/AFP/Getty Images)

<p>Zimbabwe’s speaker of parliament Jacob Mudenda announces the resignation of Robert Mugabe on Non Nov. 21, 2017 in Harare. (Photo: Jekesai Njikizana/AFP/Getty Images) </p>
Robert Mugabe resigns

Zimbabwe’s speaker of parliament Jacob Mudenda announces the resignation of Robert Mugabe on Non Nov. 21, 2017 in Harare. (Photo: Jekesai Njikizana/AFP/Getty Images)

<p>Zimbabwe’s speaker of parliament Jacob Mudenda (C) receives the news that president Robert Mugabe resigned on Nov. 21, 2017 at the parliament in Harare. Nov. 21, 2017. (Photo: Marco Longari/AFP/Getty Images) </p>
Robert Mugabe resigns

Zimbabwe’s speaker of parliament Jacob Mudenda (C) receives the news that president Robert Mugabe resigned on Nov. 21, 2017 at the parliament in Harare. Nov. 21, 2017. (Photo: Marco Longari/AFP/Getty Images)

<p>Zimbabwean President, Robert Mugabe, meets with Defence Forces Generals in Harare at State House , Sunday, Nov, 19, 2017. Members of the ZANU PF Central committee fired Mugabe as chief and replaced him with dismissed deputy President, Emmerson Mnangagwa on Sunday. (Photo: AP) </p>
Military seizes power in Zimbabwe

Zimbabwean President, Robert Mugabe, meets with Defence Forces Generals in Harare at State House , Sunday, Nov, 19, 2017. Members of the ZANU PF Central committee fired Mugabe as chief and replaced him with dismissed deputy President, Emmerson Mnangagwa on Sunday. (Photo: AP)

<p>People cheer a passing Zimbabwe Defense Force military vehicle during a demonstration demanding the resignation of Zimbabwe’s president on Nov. 18, 2017 in Harare. (Photo: Jekesai Njikizana/AFP/Getty Images) </p>
Military seizes power in Zimbabwe

People cheer a passing Zimbabwe Defense Force military vehicle during a demonstration demanding the resignation of Zimbabwe’s president on Nov. 18, 2017 in Harare. (Photo: Jekesai Njikizana/AFP/Getty Images)

<p>Zimbabwean soldiers bump fists with joyful protesters thanking them near Zimbabwe Grounds in Harare, Zimbabwe Saturday, Nov. 18, 2017. (Photo: Ben Curtis/AP) </p>
Military seizes power in Zimbabwe

Zimbabwean soldiers bump fists with joyful protesters thanking them near Zimbabwe Grounds in Harare, Zimbabwe Saturday, Nov. 18, 2017. (Photo: Ben Curtis/AP)

<p>People react and wave Zimbabwean national flags during a demonstration demanding the resignation of Zimbabwe’s president on Nov. 18, 2017 in Harare. (Photo: Jekesai Njikizana/AFP/Getty Images) </p>
Military seizes power in Zimbabwe

People react and wave Zimbabwean national flags during a demonstration demanding the resignation of Zimbabwe’s president on Nov. 18, 2017 in Harare. (Photo: Jekesai Njikizana/AFP/Getty Images)

<p>A masked Zimbabwean soldier looks on as people demonstrate to demand the resignation of Zimbabwe’s president, near the State House, on November 18, 2017 in Harare. Tens of thousands of overjoyed protesters flooded Zimbabwe’s streets on November 18 celebrating the crumbling of president’s ruthless regime, which had controlled the country for nearly 40 years. / AFP PHOTO / Jekesai NJIKIZANA (Photo credit should read JEKESAI NJIKIZANA/AFP/Getty Images) </p>
Military seizes power in Zimbabwe

A masked Zimbabwean soldier looks on as people demonstrate to demand the resignation of Zimbabwe’s president, near the State House, on November 18, 2017 in Harare. Tens of thousands of overjoyed protesters flooded Zimbabwe’s streets on November 18 celebrating the crumbling of president’s ruthless regime, which had controlled the country for nearly 40 years. / AFP PHOTO / Jekesai NJIKIZANA (Photo credit should read JEKESAI NJIKIZANA/AFP/Getty Images)

<p>People carry makeshift signs during a demonstration demanding the resignation of Zimbabwe’s president on Nov. 18, 2017 in Harare. (Photo: Jekesai Njikizana/AFP/Getty Images) </p>
Military seizes power in Zimbabwe

People carry makeshift signs during a demonstration demanding the resignation of Zimbabwe’s president on Nov. 18, 2017 in Harare. (Photo: Jekesai Njikizana/AFP/Getty Images)

<p>An army soldier stands guard as protesters demanding President Robert Mugabe stands down gather on the road leading to State House in Harare, Zimbabwe Saturday, Nov. 18, 2017. (Photo: Ben Curtis/AP) </p>
Military seizes power in Zimbabwe

An army soldier stands guard as protesters demanding President Robert Mugabe stands down gather on the road leading to State House in Harare, Zimbabwe Saturday, Nov. 18, 2017. (Photo: Ben Curtis/AP)

<p>Protesters calling for Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe to step down take to the streets in Harare, Zimbabwe, Nov. 18, 2017. (Photo: Philimon Bulawayo/Reuters) </p>
Military seizes power in Zimbabwe

Protesters calling for Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe to step down take to the streets in Harare, Zimbabwe, Nov. 18, 2017. (Photo: Philimon Bulawayo/Reuters)

<p>Zimbabwean soldiers patrol as people take part in a demonstration demanding the resignation of Zimbabwe’s president on Nov. 18, 2017 in Harare. (Photo: AFP/Getty Images) </p>
Military seizes power in Zimbabwe

Zimbabwean soldiers patrol as people take part in a demonstration demanding the resignation of Zimbabwe’s president on Nov. 18, 2017 in Harare. (Photo: AFP/Getty Images)

<p>A man reacts with a sign reading “Robert Mugabe Road” during a demonstration marching towards the State House while demanding the resignation of Zimbabwe’s president on Nov. 18, 2017 in Harare. (Photo: AFP/Getty Images) </p>
Military seizes power in Zimbabwe

A man reacts with a sign reading “Robert Mugabe Road” during a demonstration marching towards the State House while demanding the resignation of Zimbabwe’s president on Nov. 18, 2017 in Harare. (Photo: AFP/Getty Images)

<p>Zimbabwe’s President Robert Mugabe appeares in public in capital Harare for the first time since the military moved against him, on Nove. 17, 2017 in Harare, Zimbabwe. Mugabe was spotted at a graduation ceremony at the Zimbabwe Open University. (Photo: Yafadzwa Ufumeli/Anadolu Agency/Getty Images) </p>
Military seizes power in Zimbabwe

Zimbabwe’s President Robert Mugabe appeares in public in capital Harare for the first time since the military moved against him, on Nove. 17, 2017 in Harare, Zimbabwe. Mugabe was spotted at a graduation ceremony at the Zimbabwe Open University. (Photo: Yafadzwa Ufumeli/Anadolu Agency/Getty Images)

<p>A group of soldiers seal off a main road to the parliament building within the military activities taking place in Harare, Zimbabwe on Nov. 16, 2017. (Photo: Tafadzwa Ufumeli/Anadolu Agency/Getty Images) </p>
Military seizes power in Zimbabwe

A group of soldiers seal off a main road to the parliament building within the military activities taking place in Harare, Zimbabwe on Nov. 16, 2017. (Photo: Tafadzwa Ufumeli/Anadolu Agency/Getty Images)

<p>Children stand beneath posters from the 2008 Zanu Pf election campaign in the Mbara suburb of Harare, Zimbabwe, Friday. Nov. 17, 2017. (Photo: AP) </p>
Military seizes power in Zimbabwe

Children stand beneath posters from the 2008 Zanu Pf election campaign in the Mbara suburb of Harare, Zimbabwe, Friday. Nov. 17, 2017. (Photo: AP)

<p>A military vehicle is seen on a street in Harare, Zimbabwe, Thursday, Nov. 16, 2017. (Photo: AP) </p>
Military seizes power in Zimbabwe

A military vehicle is seen on a street in Harare, Zimbabwe, Thursday, Nov. 16, 2017. (Photo: AP)

<p>A person passes a newspaper headline in Harare, Zimbabwe, Thursday, Nov. 16, 2017. (Photo: AP) </p>
Military seizes power in Zimbabwe

A person passes a newspaper headline in Harare, Zimbabwe, Thursday, Nov. 16, 2017. (Photo: AP)

<p>Military vehicles and soldiers patrol the streets in Harare, Zimbabwe, Nov. 15, 2017. (Photo: Philimon Bulawayo/Reuters) </p>
Military seizes power in Zimbabwe

Military vehicles and soldiers patrol the streets in Harare, Zimbabwe, Nov. 15, 2017. (Photo: Philimon Bulawayo/Reuters)

<p>Youth washes a minibus adorned with picture of President Robert Mugabe at a bus terminus in Harare, Zimbabwe, Nov. 15, 2017. (Photo: Philimon Bulawayo/Reuters) </p>
Military seizes power in Zimbabwe

Youth washes a minibus adorned with picture of President Robert Mugabe at a bus terminus in Harare, Zimbabwe, Nov. 15, 2017. (Photo: Philimon Bulawayo/Reuters)

<p>Young women walk past an armoured personnel carrier that stations by an intersection as Zimbabwean soldiers regulate traffic in Harare on Nov. 15, 2017. (Photo: AFP/Getty Images) </p>
Military seizes power in Zimbabwe

Young women walk past an armoured personnel carrier that stations by an intersection as Zimbabwean soldiers regulate traffic in Harare on Nov. 15, 2017. (Photo: AFP/Getty Images)

<p>Zimbabwean soldiers stand at an intersection as they regulate traffic in Harare on Nov. 15, 2017. (Photo: AFP/Getty Images) </p>
Military seizes power in Zimbabwe

Zimbabwean soldiers stand at an intersection as they regulate traffic in Harare on Nov. 15, 2017. (Photo: AFP/Getty Images)

<p>Zimbabweans check newspapers as armed soldiers patrol the streets in Harare, Wednesday, Nov. 15, 2017. (Photo: AP) </p>
Military seizes power in Zimbabwe

Zimbabweans check newspapers as armed soldiers patrol the streets in Harare, Wednesday, Nov. 15, 2017. (Photo: AP)

<p>An armoured personnel carrier stations by an intersection as Zimbabwean soldiers regulate traffic in Harare on Nov. 15, 2017. (Photo: AFP/Getty Images) </p>
Military seizes power in Zimbabwe

An armoured personnel carrier stations by an intersection as Zimbabwean soldiers regulate traffic in Harare on Nov. 15, 2017. (Photo: AFP/Getty Images)

<p>Harare residents look on as an armoured personnel carrier of the Zimbabwean military stands at an intersection in Harare on Nov. 15, 2017. (Photo: AFP/Getty Images) </p>
Military seizes power in Zimbabwe

Harare residents look on as an armoured personnel carrier of the Zimbabwean military stands at an intersection in Harare on Nov. 15, 2017. (Photo: AFP/Getty Images)

<p>Soldiers stand on the streets in Harare, Zimbabwe, Nov. 15, 2017. (Photo: Philimon Bulawayo/Reuters) </p>
Military seizes power in Zimbabwe

Soldiers stand on the streets in Harare, Zimbabwe, Nov. 15, 2017. (Photo: Philimon Bulawayo/Reuters)

<p>Zimbabweans queue outside a bank to withdraw cash as armed soldiers patrol the streets in Harare, Wednesday, Nov. 15, 2017. (Photo: AP) </p>
Military seizes power in Zimbabwe

Zimbabweans queue outside a bank to withdraw cash as armed soldiers patrol the streets in Harare, Wednesday, Nov. 15, 2017. (Photo: AP)

<p>AN armed soldier patrols a street in Harare, Zimbabwe, Wednesday, Nov. 15, 2017. (Photo: AP) </p>
Military seizes power in Zimbabwe

AN armed soldier patrols a street in Harare, Zimbabwe, Wednesday, Nov. 15, 2017. (Photo: AP)

<p>A woman in military uniform walks past a billboard with a poster of ruling party Zimbabwe African National Union – Patriotic Front (Zanu PF) and a picture of President Robert Mugabe in Harare on Nov. 15, 2017. (Photo: AFP/Getty Images) </p>
Military seizes power in Zimbabwe

A woman in military uniform walks past a billboard with a poster of ruling party Zimbabwe African National Union – Patriotic Front (Zanu PF) and a picture of President Robert Mugabe in Harare on Nov. 15, 2017. (Photo: AFP/Getty Images)

<p>Armed soldiers stand by an armored vehicle on the road leading to President Robert Mugabe’s office in Harare, Zimbabwe Wednesday, Nov. 15, 2017. (Photo: Tsvangirayi Mukwazhi/AP) </p>
Military seizes power in Zimbabwe

Armed soldiers stand by an armored vehicle on the road leading to President Robert Mugabe’s office in Harare, Zimbabwe Wednesday, Nov. 15, 2017. (Photo: Tsvangirayi Mukwazhi/AP)

<p>In this image made from video, Major Gen. S.B. Moyo, Spokesperson for the Zimbabwe Defense Forces addresses to the nation in Harare, Zimbabwe Wednesday, Nov. 15, 2017. (Photo: ZBC via AP) </p>
Military seizes power in Zimbabwe

In this image made from video, Major Gen. S.B. Moyo, Spokesperson for the Zimbabwe Defense Forces addresses to the nation in Harare, Zimbabwe Wednesday, Nov. 15, 2017. (Photo: ZBC via AP)

<p>Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe and his wife Grace attend a meeting of his ruling ZANU PF party’s youth league in Harare, Zimbabwe, Oct. 7, 2017. (Photo: Philimon Bulawayo/Reuters) </p>
Military seizes power in Zimbabwe

Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe and his wife Grace attend a meeting of his ruling ZANU PF party’s youth league in Harare, Zimbabwe, Oct. 7, 2017. (Photo: Philimon Bulawayo/Reuters)

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