The Cardinals take on the Cubs in St. Louis, Missouri, April 14, 2012.
JimJ: WHAT DOES THE U.S. owe blacks? Slavery is still practiced underground in parts of the World. After the U.S. ended it with the Emancipation Proclamation in 1863: 1863: In the United States, Abraham Lincoln issues the presidential order the Emancipation Proclamation declaring slaves in Confederate-controlled areas to be freed. Most slaves in "border states" are freed by state action; separate law freed the slaves in Washington, D.C. 1864: Following the serfdom emancipation reform of 1861 of Western Krai and the January Uprising of 1863-1864, a similar reform was introduced in Russian-controlled Congress Poland 1865, December: US abolishes slavery with the Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution; about 40,000 remaining slaves are affected. 1866: Slavery abolished in Indian Territory (now Oklahoma). 1869, February, 27th: Portugal: King Louis I signs a decree of the government, chaired by the Marquis Sá da Bandeira, abolishing slavery in all Portuguese territories. Accordingly, all slaves in the Portuguese colonies in Africa were set free, resulting in the total termination of slavery across the Portuguese Empire. 1871: Brazil: Rio Branco Law (Law of Free Birth) declares free the sons and daughters born to slave mothers after 28 September 1871. 1873: Slavery abolished in the Spanish colony of Puerto Rico: March 22. 1873: Treaty between Britain and Zanzibar and Madagascar to suppress slave trade. 1874: Britain abolishes slavery in the Gold Coast (now Ghana), following its annexation in 1874 1877: Slavery had been abolished in Egypt in August 1877. 1879: After spending 5 centuries as an Ottoman province the newly restored principality of Bulgaria abolished slavery with its new constitution declaring that any slave arriving on its territory is freed at once. 1882: Ottoman firman abolishes all forms of slavery, white or black. 1884: France abolished slavery in its then Protectorate of Cambodia. 1885: Brazil passes Sexagenarians Law (Saraiva-Cotegipe Act), freeing all slaves over the age of 60, and creating other measures for the gradual abolition of slavery, such as a Manumissions Fund administered by the State. 1886: Slavery abolished in Cuba. 1888, 13 May: Brazil enacts the Golden Law, decreeing the total abolition of slavery with immediate effect, without indemnities to slaveowners, but the financial aid to the freed men and women planned by the monarchy never took place due to a military coup that established a Republic in the country. 1890: Brussels Conference Act – a collection of anti-slavery measures to put an end to the slave trade on land and sea, especially in the Congo Basin, the Ottoman Empire, and the East African coast. 1894: Korea officially abolishes slavery, but it survives in practice until 1930. 1896: France abolishes slavery in its then colony of Madagascar. 1897: Zanzibar abolishes slavery following its becoming a British protectorate. 1899: France abolishes slavery in Ndzuwani. 1900–present 1902: The Ethiopian Empire abolishes slavery (though it was legally and officially abolished by Emperor Haile Selassie in 1942). 1906: China formally abolishes slavery effective 31 January 1910, when all adult slaves were converted into hired labourers and the young were freed upon reaching age 25. 1912: Siam (Thailand) formally abolishes all slavery. The act of selling a person into slavery was abolished in 1897, but slavery itself was not outlawed at that time. 1917: Abolition of the Indian indenture system, within British controlled territories of the British Raj 1922: Morocco abolishes slavery. 1923: Afghanistan abolishes slavery. 1924: Iraq abolishes slavery. 1924: League of Nations appoints a Temporary Slavery Commission. 1926: Nepal abolishes slavery 1926, 25 September: Convention to Suppress the Slave Trade and Slavery bound all signatories to end slavery. 1928: Iran abolishes slavery. 1928: Domestic slavery practised by local African elites abolished in Sierra Leone.Though established as a place for freed slaves, a study found practices of domestic slavery still widespread in rural areas in the 1970s. 1935: Italian General Emilio De Bono proclaims slavery to be abolished in the Ethiopian Empire. 1936: Britain abolishes slavery in Northern Nigeria. 1948: UN Article 4 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights bans slavery globally. 1952: Qatar abolishes slavery. 1958: Bhutan abolishes slavery. 1960: Niger abolishes slavery (though it was not made illegal until 2003). 1962: Saudi Arabia abolishes slavery. 1962: Yemen abolishes slavery. 1964: The United Arab Emirates abolishes slavery. 1970: Oman abolishes slavery. 1981: Mauritania abolishes slavery. 2003: Niger makes slavery a crime. There is inclusion & delusions. Inclusion is a government that allows for a strong economy with jobs growth so all have the opportunity to succeed. Welfare checks are not an answer! Liberals like to point to us aging old white men, about to die off & they will tell you for the better! What these liberals won't tell you about, is old white guys like Branch Rickey, or George Steinbrenner who created more black MILLIONAIRES...then Oprah ever dreamed of!