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Summer Olympics: Ten Taekwondo Terms to Know During the Olympic Games

Yahoo Contributor Network

Olympic taekwondo is derived from the Korean martial arts form. As a result, some of the terminology and lingo used during taekwondo tournaments can be a bit unfamiliar for the casual observer. Here's a quick and easy guide to help new fans better enjoy taekwondo during the 2012 Olympic Games:

Chung

: Chung refers to the athlete dressed in blue during a match.

Dobok: A dobok is the uniform an athlete wears during competition.

Duebom Jireugi: The term duebom jireugi refers to a type of punch in which a competitor punches twice, also called a double punch.

Gam-jeon

: Gam-jeon refers to a penalty in which points are deducted.

Hong

: The term hong refers to the athlete dressed in red during a match.

ITF

: ITF stands for International Taekwondo Federation. The ITF's goal was to promote taekwondo and martial arts. The organization was a precursor for the WTF, and the ITF still exists today.

Momtong Maki: A momtong maki is a middle body block.

Shi-jak

: Shi-jak is the command an official uses to let athletes know that they may begin fighting.

WTF

: WTF stands for World Taekwondo Federation. The organization is the international governing body for Olympic-style taekwondo, meaning that the group creates and enforces rules and regulations for the sport.

Yop Chagi: A yop chagi is a side kick.

Sandra Johnson is a longtime Olympic fan. While working for the United States Olympic Committee and living in the Olympic Training Center in Colorado Springs, Colo., Johnson had the opportunity to immerse herself in the Olympic Movement. Follow her on Twitter: @SandraJohnson46

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